|(courtesy of http://www.unwater.org)|
The idea for a World Water Day was born at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992, and since then, each World Water Day has carried a different annual theme. Last year's theme, Water for Cities, emphasized the challenges of urban water management. Other themes included focusing on water and culture, water for health, and the fact that caring for water is everyone's responsibility.
This year, World Water Day is themed around water and food security. It takes an incredible amount of water to produce everyday foods and drinks, and all of that can have a serious impact in areas where water is scarce. Based on every pieces of the production process, it takes an estimated 70 liters (18.5 gallons) of water to produce one apple and 130 liters (35.6 gallons) to produce one egg. According to World Water Day's website, "People who have better access to water tend to have better levels of nourishment." With the amount of water it takes to produce everyday foods, it's obvious that a lack of water can cause serious food-related issues. "Lack of water can be a major cause of famine and malnutrition, particularly in areas where people depend on local agriculture for food and income."
What does all of this mean? With the world's population growing as it is now and as our climate continues to change, we'll need to find ways to make more food using less water and conserve the water we have. Today, take some extra time to understand how much water you consume and how you can use it more efficiently. A significant part of taking action is simply being informed. Visit the World Water Day website and read up on everything you can. Take a look at the infographic below, created by the folks at Teva, to see how you can reduce your water consumption through their World Water Day Challenge. Understand why water is key to food security. But don't just take action today; make an effort to change your habits to conserve water all year.
Are you up for the challenge? Leave a comment about how you're working to reduce your water consumption!